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Article 370: 10 Interesting Facts

Article 370 was meant to be a temporary provision in the Indian Constitution. It was included to provide temporary special status to Jammu and Kashmir within the Union of India. 

1. Temporary Provision

The inclusion of Article 370 was a result of the Instrument of Accession signed by the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947, allowing the state to accede to the newly-formed Republic of India. 

2. Instrument of Accession

Article 370 granted a considerable degree of autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir, allowing the state to have its own constitution and decision-making authority on all matters except defense, communications, and foreign affairs. 

3. Autonomy Granted

Residents of Jammu and Kashmir enjoyed special rights and privileges under Article 370. The state had its own flag and constitution, and laws passed by the Indian Parliament were not automatically applicable in the region. 

4. Special Rights

Over the years, there were several attempts to abrogate or modify Article 370, but it remained a contentious issue. Critics argued that it contributed to the isolation of Jammu and Kashmir from the rest of the country.

5. Revocation Attempts

Although initially conceived as a temporary provision, Article 370 underwent several modifications and additions over the years, leading to a complex set of legal arrangements.

6. Evolution Over Time

On August 5, 2019, the Indian government, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, took a historic step by revoking the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370. This move was accompanied by the reorganization of the state into two separate Union Territories – Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. 

7. Special Status Scrapped

The revocation of Article 370 was a highly controversial decision, sparking debates on constitutional legality, federalism, and the rights of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. 

8. Controversial Decision

The government argued that the removal of special status was necessary for the integration of Jammu and Kashmir into the mainstream of Indian society and to address security concerns in the region.

9. Security Implications

The revocation of Article 370 and the subsequent changes in the status of Jammu and Kashmir received varied international reactions. While some countries supported India's decision, others expressed concerns about the potential impact on regional stability. 

10. International Response